Archives For Integrity

George Washington

February 22, 2016 — Leave a comment

Only one year after they married, on February 22, 1732, Augustine and Mary Bell Washington delivered their first child, George Washington. Augustine was a third-generation English colonist who settled on a farm along the Rappahannock River opposite Fredericksburg in 1738.

After the unfortunate passing of his father in 1743, George inherited the more modest Rappahannock River plantation where he lived with his mother and ten inherited slaves. Augustine left most of his property to his sons from his first marriage.

George Washington’s formal education ended when his father passed away. Washington, at the age of thirteen wrote and started practicing his “Rules of Civility” to adopt better habits and manners to climb higher up in Virginia’s society. He trained as a land surveyor and at 16 helped survey Shenandoah lands for Thomas, Lord Fairfax. In 1749, at seventeen years old, he was appointed county surveyor of the frontier county of Culpeper.

George contracted smallpox while on the island Barbados from 1751-1752 with his half-brother Lawrence who was attempting to cure his respiratory illness. This was only one of a number of severe illnesses that affected George’s health. One of the possible reasons for Washington’s infertility could have been caused by having tuberculosis.

Upon his return from Barbados, at twenty years old, George joined the Freemasons. He is the first of many Presidents to belong to the closed society to include Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt, Harry Truman, and Gerald Ford, to name a few.

George was sworn in as a Major in the Virginia militia and in February 1753 Virginia Governor Robert Dinwiddie sent Washington and 150 soldiers to the Ohio Valley to deliver a letter to the French stating Virginia’s claim of the land. Washington’s men fought against French soldiers who pushed them to retreat to the makeshift Fort Necessity, where he was forced to surrender. He published his journal of his experience which was the beginning of giving him a reputation for courage and leadership among the colonists

He returned to military service in 1754 and was commissioned a lieutenant colonel and served as an aide to General Edward Braddock. During a battle alongside the Monongahela River on July 9, 1755, General Braddock was mortally wounded and Washington assumed command and exhibited great courage, he had two horses shot out from under him and a number of musket shoots through his cloak. He led the men to safety and was later recognized for his conduct in battle with a promotion and was given command of the entire military force of Virginia. In 1758 Washington became a brigade commander, the only American to achieve that rank during the war.

Washington’s self-control was key to his character, he had mastered himself and he could the master events he was involved in. Despite being surrounded by fear, despair, indecisiveness, treason, and the threat of mutiny, he remained confident and steadfast, displaying high emotional intelligence and integrity.

He resigned his commission in 1758 and married Martha Dandridge Custis on January 6, 1759. Martha was a young widow who had inherited an enormous amount of wealth after the passing of her first husband, making her the wealthiest widow in Virginia. The newlywed couple, along with Marth’s two young children, Jacky, and Patsy moved to Mount Vernon.

George, finally being accepted into Virginia’s upper class, became a gentleman farmer at Mount Vernon. He established himself as an innovative farmer, who switched from tobacco to wheat as his main cash crop. He experimented with new crops, fertilizers, crop rotation, tools, and livestock breeding. He even grew hemp, but not just for fiber, his meticulous journal indicated he was growing just female plants with higher THC content to help deal with his toothaches. He also expanded the work of the plantation to include flour milling and commercial fishing and even operated a distillery that produced over 11,000 gallons of rye whiskey, becoming one of his most successful enterprises.

Eventually, just like his fellow planters, Washington felt himself exploited by British merchants and hampered by British regulations. As the quarrel with the mother country grew, he voiced his resistance to the restrictions.

When the Second Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia in May 1775, Washington, one of the Virginia delegates, was elected Commander in Chief of the Continental Army. On July 3, 1775, he took command of his ill-trained troops and embarked upon a war that lasted six grueling years.

Martha Washington joined her husband in his winter quarters every year of the war. Together they entertained his officers and guests. A patriot in her own right, Mrs. Washington made it her war too, nursing sick and wounded soldiers and raising money for the troops. Needlework helped her to pass the time through the long, cold winters. In all, she would spend about half the war in camp.

George realized early that the best strategy was to harass the British and started using unconventional tactics. He reported to Congress, “We should on all occasions avoid a general action, or put anything to the Risqué, unless compelled by a necessity, into which we ought never to be drawn.” Ensuing battles saw him fall back slowly, then strike unexpectedly.

Although the tale goes that George Washington never told a lie, that wasn’t true during the revolutionary war, lying was part of his strategy. Washington used double spies to send misinformation to the British. In one situation he had a double spy tell the British that he had 40,000 soldiers knowing that they wouldn’t believe that number. He later wrote a message stating that they had 9,000 soldiers and outlined their weapons and rations. The British believed this second misinformation and decided the colonies had to large of an army to attack so delayed till after winter, Washington had less than 2,000 soldiers and was able to cross the Delaware river on December 26, 1776 for a surprise attack against the British.

Finally in 1781 with the aid of French allies–he forced the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown.

On December 23, 1783, Washington presented himself before Congress in Annapolis, Maryland, and resigned his commission. Washington had the wisdom to give up power when he could have been crowned a king. He left Annapolis and went home to Mount Vernon with the fixed intention of never again serving in public life. This one act, without precedent in modern history, made him an international hero.

Washington longed to retire to the fields of Mount Vernon. But he soon realized that the Nation under its Articles of Confederation was not functioning well, so he became a prime mover in the steps leading to the 1787 Constitutional Convention at Philadelphia.

Once the Constitution was approved, Washington hoped to retire again to private life. But when the first presidential election was held, he received a vote from every elector. He remains the only President in American history to be elected by the unanimous voice of the people.

On April 30, 1789, George Washington, standing on the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York, took his oath of office as the first President of the United States. The crowd responded “Long live George Washington, President of the United States.” The spectators responded with chants of “God bless our Washington! Long live our beloved President!” They celebrated in the only way they knew, as if greeting a new monarch with the customary cry of “Long live the king!”

In his First Inaugural Address, with only one tooth in his mouth, Washington confessed that he was unpracticed in the duties of civil administration; however, he was one of the most able administrators ever to serve as President. He administered the government with fairness and integrity, assuring Americans that the President could exercise extensive executive authority without corruption.

Further, he executed the laws with restraint, establishing precedents for broad-ranging presidential authority. His integrity was most pure, Thomas Jefferson wrote, “His justice the most inflexible I have ever known, no motive of interest or consanguinity, friendship, or hatred, being able to bias his decision.” Washington set a standard for presidential integrity rarely met by his successors, although he established an ideal by which they all are judged. No President, with the exception of Abraham Lincoln, served at the same unselfish level as George Washington.

He did not infringe upon the policy making powers that he felt the Constitution gave Congress. Foreign policy became a Presidential concern when the French Revolution led to a major war between France and England. Washington refused to accept the recommendations of the Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, who was pro-French, or the Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, who was pro-British. He insisted upon a neutral course until the United States could grow stronger.

Wearied of politics and feeling old, he retired at the end of his second term. In his farewell address, he urged his countrymen to forswear excessive party spirit and geographical distinctions. In foreign affairs, he warned against long-term alliances.

Washington enjoyed less than three years of retirement at Mount Vernon. On a cold and wet December day, Washington, who always checked the grounds daily, became cold and damp which resulted in a throat infection. Despite receiving a regimen of blood-lettings, induced vomiting, an enema, and potions of vinegar and sage tea, Washington’s condition worsened. After the fourth bloodletting, totaling 32 ounces of blood, he improved slightly and was able to swallow but by 10 p.m. his condition deteriorated. Before his death Washington called for his two wills and directed that the unused one be burned. He passed away at 10:20 pm on December 14, 1799.

According to his wishes, Washington was not buried for three days. During that time his body lay in a mahogany casket at Mount Vernon and on December 18, 1799 a solemn funeral was held.

By the time of his death he had expanded the plantation from 2,000 to 8,000 acres consisting of five farms, with more than 3,000 acres under cultivation. Washington made provisions in his will to free all of his own slaves after his wife’s death but could not free those whom Martha had brought to the marriage. In the months after George’s death, a new threat to Martha’s security arose after the slaves who would gain their freedom became restless and rumors circulated about a suspicious fire at Mount Vernon. Fearing for her life, Martha decided to free her deceased husband’s slaves and on January 1, 1801 Washington’s slaves gained their liberty. He was the only slaveholder among the founding fathers to free his slaves.

Martha’s health, always somewhat precarious, now declined, she died on May 22, 1802, just two and a half years after George Washington.

In 1976 Washington was posthumously awarded the highest rank in the U.S. military as General of the Armies of the United States. He is considered the father of the US military for establishing the framework for how American soldiers should organize themselves, behave, and how they should relate to civilian leaders. Nobody will ever outrank him.

 

References:

Video’s

George Washington – Full Episode
http://www.biography.com/people/george-washington-9524786/videos/george-washington-full-episode-2073414290

History Brief: The Leadership of George Washington
https://youtu.be/wiGb5WuycPE

George Washington – Servant Leadership Personified
https://youtu.be/rWx0WjKfNsI

Articles

George Washington
https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/georgewashington

George Washington – Mount Vernon
http://www.mountvernon.org/george-washington/biography/

George Washington Biography
http://www.biography.com/people/george-washington-9524786

George Washington: The Reluctant President
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/george-washington-the-reluctant-president-49492/?no-ist

Funny George Washington Quotes
http://www.searchquotes.com/search/Funny_George_Washington/

George Washington Timeline
http://gwpapers.virginia.edu/history/biography-of-george-washington/

Little Known Facts About George Washington
http://www.biography.com/news/george-washington-biography-facts

George Washington
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Washington

What Made George Washington a Good Military Leader?
http://edsitement.neh.gov/curriculum-unit/what-made-george-washington-good-military-leader

The Character of George Washington
http://www.visionandvalues.org/2010/03/the-character-of-george-washington/

The 9 Deadly Diseases That Plagued George Washington
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/george-washingtons-medical-chart/

110 Rules of Civility
http://www.110rules.com/

Books

George Washington On Leadership
http://amzn.to/1PU5fw1

George Washington’s Leadership Lessons: What the Father of Our Country Can Teach Us About Effective Leadership and Character
http://amzn.to/1QeH11H

Rules of Civility & Decent Behavior in Company and Conversation
http://amzn.to/1PxbILY

Dr. Henry Cloud’s book on integrity uses an example of a boat cutting through a lake leaving twin plumes of water. According to Cloud, we cut two swaths behind us as we travel through time: people and relationships.

Dr. Cloud suggests that our legacy is defined by our personal wake. How is the quality of our relationships—in our families and in our business? And what is the quality (and quantity) of the tasks we’ve accomplished?

According to Cloud, the quality of an individual’s personal wake is mostly determined by his or her character and integrity. They are:

  1. Trust – The ability to connection authentically with others and to build trust.
  2. Truth – An orientation toward the truth, which leads to finding and operating in reality.
  3. Results Focused – The ability to get results and finish well which leads to you reaching goals, profits and mission.
  4. Embracing the Negative – The ability to deal with the negative which leads to ending problems, resolving them, or transforming them.
  5. Growth Focused – An orientation toward growth, improving.
  6. 6. Adaptability – The ability to be transcendent which leads to enlargement to a bigger picture and oneself.

Dr. Cloud ends the book with some take away points;

  • Integrity isn’t something you “have or don’t have.” You have aspects where you do and other parts where you don’t.
  • Even the high achievers don’t have it all together, they have gaps also.
  • All of us have issues in our character that are great opportunities for growth and development, we’re all human and have flaws, accept it, embrace it, and keep on your journey.
  • When you understand where character comes from you can better understand and accept your gaps and others.
  • When you understand where character comes from you see what you can do to help you grow.
  • The last item Dr. Cloud leaves us with is hope in that we know we can improve and see results.

It really does take integrity to have the courage to meet the demands of reality. It takes leading yourself first, and I think that’s the hardest person to lead.

If you’ve read the book, what are your thoughts?

If someone isn’t honest, does that mean they have no integrity? Is honesty or integrity situational?

I’ve heard some people say that they didn’t want to talk to someone about an issue because it might hurt their feelings. But are you doing more damage by not being honest with them? If their behavior affects their work performance or ability to communicate with people, they need to know. If they dispute the information at least you know, with integrity, that you did what you thought was right. It was the other person’s lack of integrity to receive the information with an open mind and to do something about it. They can always follow what Walt Whitman said,“Re-examine all that you have been told . . . dismiss that which insults your soul.”

That is what a person with high integrity needs to do also, because individuals with low integrity will try to discredit those with high integrity. Average people like to keep others average. They don’t like it when others move farther up the success ladder.

When you look in the mirror, what do you need to tell the person you’re looking at? Are you stuck because you struggle to be honest with yourself? Do you need to continue your education, lose weight, make more friends, or spend more time with family? The person in the mirror is the one who is responsible to make those things happen, not anyone else.

What truths do you need to face?

Integrity, one moment you have it and the next you don’t, and all it takes is one bad decision. How does that happen?

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Is it because of the decision, or how you executed it? Survey says, probably both. Was the decision focused on “what’s in it for me,” instead of “what’s best for everyone?”

What’s funny is that it probably wasn’t the one incident that lead to a loss of integrity, but a series of poor small decisions that you made. I think John D. MacDonald had it right when he said,

“Integrity is not a conditional word. It doesn’t blow in the wind or change with the weather. It is your inner image of yourself, and if you look in there and see a man who won’t cheat, then you know he never will.”

I struggle when having to make decisions on a course of action knowing someone else has low integrity and only focuses on what’s best for them. Of course that’s how you interpret it, the other person may see it totally different. That’s when you need to have the courage, and yes, integrity, to discuss what you believe the right decision should be.

I like what John W. Gardner said,

“Men of integrity, by their very existence, rekindle the belief that as a people we can live above the level of moral squalor. We need that belief; a cynical community is a corrupt community.”

If those with no integrity live in moral squalor, will that eventually lead to financial squalor?

Look at the past history of individuals who became financially wealthy, but didn’t have integrity. Business and economic text books have case study after case study how highly successful people lost everything because they made decisions that focused on themselves.

How do people lose integrity? You usually see it when something finally blows up. They get caught embezzling money, cheating on taxes, having an affair, sometimes even committing murder. People don’t just wake up one day with no integrity. I think you lose it over time. It becomes easy to do what’s easy and self-fulfilling. Here’s an article that explains some research in how people lose their integrity. (Thanks Jonel for sharing it) http://www.artofmanliness.com/2013/08/05/what-strengthens-and-weakens-our-integrity-part-i-why-small-choices-count/

You have to walk a straight line, always. The moment you veer off it could be the time that the line breaks. Look what happened to Tiger Woods, he still hasn’t gotten his game back.

Where are your integrity cracks? What can you do to make sure that they get filled in?

Check out the video from Zig Ziglar and his thoughts on integrity; Zig Ziglar – True Performance – Integrity http://youtu.be/8wcnYvFJnOg